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Урок-презентация по английскому языку для учащихся 11 класса «Стихотворение Р.Киплинга «If» - «Если»»
Урок-презентация английского языка 11 класс. Тема: Стихотворение Р.Киплинга «If» - «Если»
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What is the name of author? Ккк Kip … … …
Joseph Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) British author and poet, born in Bombay, India. He had a very happy childhood until, at the age of six, he and his sister were sent to England to be educated. His next six years were miserable. He was neglected and treated cruelly by the couple who were looking after him. At 12, he went to live with his aunt and only then spoke of what he had gone through. At the age of 16, he returned to his beloved India where he worked as a journalist. He wrote many poems and short stories ,including Mandalay (1890) and Gunga Din (1892). These were published in the paper along with his news reports and later as collections. He travelled extensively and married in 1892. Over the next few years Kipling wrote The Jungle Books (1894-1895), Captains Courageous (1897), The Day's Work (1898) and many more. He had two daughters and a son, and life was wonderful until his eldest daughter died of pneumonia at the age of 7. From then on, life was never the same again, and the family moved to the English countryside for a secluded life. (см. карточку)
Answer the questions : What difficulties did Kipling meet in his childhood? When did Kipling begin writing poems and short stories? What is his most famous poem?
Rudyard Kipling’s If is one of the best known poems. If you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you; If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too: If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, Or, being lied about, don't deal in lies, Or being hated don't give way to hating, And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise; If you can dream - and not make dreams your master; If you can think - and not make thoughts your aim, If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster And treat those two impostors just the same
If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools, Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken, And stoop and build 'em up with worn-out tools; If you can make one heap of all your winnings And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss, And lose, and start again at your beginnings, And never breathe a word about your loss: If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew To serve your turn long after they are gone, And so hold on when there is nothing in you Except the Will which says to them: "Hold on!"
If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue, Or walk with Kings - nor lose the common touch, If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you, If all men count with you, but none too much: If you can fill the unforgiving minute With sixty seconds' worth of distance run, Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it, And - which is more - you'll be a Man, my son! Who does Kipling address the poem to?
Listen to the poem
What message does it convey? overcome your problems and try to become an honourable and dignified person. (преодолевать трудности и пытаться стать достойным человеком) live your life and don’t let problems and difficulties get in your way. (проживать свою жизнь, обходя трудности стороной.)
Read this poem again and match the underlined words/ phrases with their meanings below. There is a list of meanings, look at it: 1.ability to identify with ordinary people- the common touch (общие черты) 2. changed in meaning- twisted (запутанный) 3. things/ people dishonest pretending to be sth else- impostors (обманщики, мошенники) 4. pile- heap (куча, завал) 5. old or damaged- worn-out (потертый, изношенный) 6. stand/ walk with shoulders bent forward- stoop (сутулится, наклоняться) 7. stay calm- keep your head (не вешай голову, оставайся спокойным) 8. determination to do sth- will (решимость, решительность, воля) 9. thinking and doing what’s right- virtue (достоинство) 10. money won- winnings (выигрыш, добыча)
Try and guess the meaning of the words in bold from the context before using your dictionary Master (хозяин)- someone/ something that controls someone/ something else Aim (цель)-goal/ target Triumph( триумф)- great success Trap (ловушка)- something used to catch and prevent the escape of someone/ something Fools (глупцы)- silly, unthinking people Tools (инструменты)- equipment used for building Turn (очередь)- part of a game/ competition Loss (потеря, утрата)- state of no longer having something Force (заставлять)- make someone do sth through pressure/ necessity Unforgiving (непростительный)- with no room for mistakes Worth (ценность, значение, достоинство)- amount
Задания группам (4 срофы – 4 группы) Reading for detailed understanding .Words related to character/personality . (Чтение с детальным пониманием. Слова, характеризующие характер человека) Which of the following does Kipling advise? Find references in the poem. (Что советует автор? Подтвердите примерами из теста.)
Verse 1 ignore doubt be patient be honest be courageous be modest Verse 2 be imaginative be thoughtful be understand in g accept that pe ople lie be s trong Verse 3 take risks be positive be uncomplaining be determined Verse 4 be polite be modest be tolerant be respectful be productive
Answer Key Verse 1 ignore doubt (игнорировать сомнения): trust yourself be patient(быть терпимым) : wait and not be tired by waiting be honest(быть честным): don’t deal in lies be courageous(быть отважным): can keep your head, when all about you are losing theirs be modest(быть скромным): don’t look to good, nor talk too wise
Verse 2 be imaginative(быть мечтательным): dream ― and not make dreams your master be thoughtful(быть думающим): think ― and not make thoughts your aim be understanding(быть понимающим): can meet with triumph and disaster and threat those two imposters just the same accept that people lie(признать, что люди лгут): bear to hear the truth you’ve spoken twisted
Verse 3 take risks(уметь рисковать): risk it on one turn of ... be positive(быть позитивным): And lose, and start again at your beginnings be uncomplaining(уметь не жаловаться): never breath a word of your loss be determined(быть решительным): hold on when there is nothing in you/Except the will which says to them: ‘Hold on’
Verse 4 be polite (быть вежливым): talk with crowds and keep your virtue be modest (быть скромным): nor lose the common touch be tolerant (быть терпимым): neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you be respectful (быть уважительным): all men count with you be productive (быть деятельным): with sixty seconds’ worth of distance run
Look at the structure of the poem. Look at these words: -verse (стих, строфа) -syllable (ударный) -rhyme (рифмовать) -rhyming pattern (рифмованный шаблон) How many verses are there? How many syllables are there in each line? How many lines are there in each verse?
Answer Key There are 4 verses in the poem. There are 8 lines in each verse. There are 10-11 syllables in each line. Apart from the first verse, the rhyming pattern for the poem is ab, ab, cd, cd.
Listen to the first four lines of the poem and underline the stressed syllables. Answer Key If you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you; If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too;
Explaining the mood of the poem (Объясните настроение стихотворения) How does the poem make you feel? (Какие чувства вызывает стихотворение?) Excited? Depressed? Encouraged? Discouraged? Inspired? Motivated? Explain your answers. (Объясните) ► The poem makes me feel inspired to follow the advice and try to become a better person
How does the poem make you feel? Bored? Excited? Depressed? Encouraged? Discouraged? inspired? Motivated?
Составьте синквейн со словом Киплинг Название. Тема (существительное) – 1 слово Описание (прилагательное) – 2 слова Действие – 3-4 слова Отношение к теме – 2-3 слова Синоним темы – 1-2 слова
Home task Read the Study Skill box, then identify some examples of these features of poetry in Rudyard Kipling’s poem