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Презентация First English in the USA
First English in the USA. Суходольская О.Н. Учитель первой категории © МОУ СОШ №7 УМР 2013
Цель: Проследить распространение эмигрантов в Северной Америке
How did America begin? America began as colonies of England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands. The story of America as a nation must begin with the colonization of the East Coast.
Jamestown: First English Colony in America Explorers had been landing in America for some time before English settlers arrived in what is now Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. But it was in that spot on the James River that English colonization began and with it, the history of America.
Mayflower The Mayflower was the ship that brought the Pilgrims to America. It sailed from Southampton, England, on September 16, 1620, with 102 passengers on board. The voyage took 65 days, during which time two people died and one person was born. The colonists had been granted territory in Virginia, but the ship landed at Plymouth, Massachusetts, on Dec. 26, 1620.
The Pilgrims: Voyage to Freedom English Puritans who fled England to escape religious persecution. After a 65-day journey from Southampton, England, they landed in Plymouth Harbor on the western side of Cape Cod Bay on December 21, 1620. There, under the leadership of William Bradford, they signed the Mayflower Compact, which created their own government.
The hard life. The first winter was very hard. More than 40 people died. The rest of the Pilgrims made it through the winter. In the spring, they began to plant food and continued to explore their new home. The Pilgrims, in seeking freedom from religious punishment and economic hardship, had found in the New World new friends and a new way of life.
The Native Americans. The Native Americans had taught the Pilgrims how to plant wheat, barley, Indian corn, and peas. Soon, the settlement was growing lots of food. Later that year, in the fall, the Pilgrims celebrated the harvest. They invited their Native American friends to join them. This has become known as the first Thanksgiving.
The first successful British settlements were the Virginia Colony in Jamestown in 1607 and the Pilgrims' Plymouth Colony in 1620. The 1628 chartering of the Massachusetts Bay Colony resulted in a wave of migration; by 1634, New England had been settled by some 10,000 Puritans.
Вывод: Первые английские колонии появились на территории США в 1620 году. В этот период начинается развитие английского языка на восточном побережье Северной Америки. Употребление переселенцами слов американских индейцев положило начало американскому английскому языку.