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Ковалева Вера Петровна4933
педагогический стаж - 18 лет,учитель английского и немецкого языков; классный руководитель
Россия, Ростовская обл., Сальск

Урок английского языка «William Shakespeare» («Если бы музы знали английский, они стали бы говорить изящными фразами Шекспира» (Франсиз Морез)

William Shakespeare (1564-1616)

«Душа нашего века, чудо нашей сцены, он принадлежит не одному веку, но всем временам»». ”He was not of an age, but for all time.” ( Ben Jonson - English poet)

Stratford-on-Avon

My name is William Shakespeare. People say I am the world's greatest poet and dramatist. I was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. My mother, Mary Arden, was a daughter of Robert Arden, a farmer. My father, John Shakespeare, was a glover who had an office at Stratford-upon-Avon.

Shakespeare’s birthplace in Henley Street. John Shakespeare lived and kept his shop in this house. His eight children were born here. Two of them died young.

I got my education at the Grammar School. "... around forty boys would have been taught in this room ..." This is the schoolroom where Shakespeare was educated. It is still in use.

I got married in 1582 to Anne Hathaway and had three children, a girl and two boys. Shakespeare's wife was eight years older than he was. He was 18 and she was 26. All of his grandchildren died childless. Shakespeare has no living descendants //

The Globe of Shakespeare's times

The public theatres for which I wrote my plays were quite different from those of today. They were built of wood. The stage projected far out into the pit where the spectators stood, so they were very close to the players' feet. Round the pit there were tiers of galleries, one over the other. The galleries were roofed, while the pit was open to the sky. Since the pit of the theatre was open to the sky, the performance depended entirely upon the weather. Flags were raised when a play was to be given, but if the weather suddenly changed for the worse, the flags were pulled down and the performance did not take place. Actresses were unknown on the stage, and all women's parts were played by boys or young men.

New Globe theatre

Shakespeare wrote: 37 plays; 17 comedies, 10 historical plays 7 books of poems. 2 long poems and 154 sonnets. Most of Shakespeare’s plays were not published in his lifetime. So some of them may have been lost in the fire when the “Globe” burned down in 1613.

“Romeo and Juliet”

quarrel [′kwɔrəl] – ссора to recognize [′rekəgnaiz] - узнать to invite [in′ vait] – приглашать to fight [fait] – драться, бороться mask [ma:sk] – маска permission [pə′mi∫n] - разрешение to fall in love – влюбиться to marry [′mæri] – жениться, выходить замуж

Quotations 1“Something is rotten in the state of Denmark” 2“To be or not to be”. 3“Sweets to the sweet” 4“Life is not all cakes and ale” 5“Love is blind” 6“The beginning of the end.” 7“All is well that ends well. 8“Brevity is the soul of wit” 9“Much ado about nothing.” 10“The whirling of time” 11“Cowards die many times before their death” a)“Не все в порядке в Датском королевстве” b)“ Жизнь прожить - не поле перейти” c)“Любовь слепа” d)“Все хорошо, что хорошо кончается” e)“Краткость - сестра таланта” f)“Превратности судьбы” g) “Много шума из ничего” h) “Трус умирает много раз до смерти” i)“Быть или не быть” j) “Прекрасное – прекрасной” k)“Начало конца”

Quotations KEYS: 1“Something is rotten in the state of Denmark” 2“To be or not to be”. 3“Sweets to the sweet” 4“Life is not all cakes and ale” 5“Love is blind” 6“The beginning of the end.” 7“All is well that ends well. 8“Brevity is the soul of wit” 9“Much ado about nothing.” 10“The whirling of time” 11“Cowards die many times before their death” 1a 2i 3j 4b 5c 6k 7d 8e 9g 10f 11h 1“Не все в порядке в Датском королевстве” 2“Быть или не быть” 3 “Прекрасное – прекрасной” 4 “ Жизнь прожить - не поле перейти” 5 “Любовь слепа” 6 “Начало конца” 7 “Все хорошо, что хорошо кончается” 8 “Краткость - сестра таланта” 9 “Много шума из ничего” 10 “Превратности судьбы” 11 Трус умирает много раз до смерти”

Guess the Words enstno ygertda heasrpeakhs yeodmc tlhmea ololhet ttooiqnsua eolbg rhteeat

Guess the Words KEYS: tlhmea (Hamlet) ololhet (Othello) ttooiqnsua (quotations) eolbg (Globe) rhteeat (theatre) enstno (sonnet) ygertda (tragedy) heasrpeakhs (Shakespeare) yeodmc (comedy)

Shakespeare spent most of his career in London as an actor, playwright and manager of the Globe Theatre. In 1611 he came back to Stratford and spent there the last years of his life, there he died, on the same date as his birthday, the 23rd of April 1616. He was buried in Holy Trinity Church of Stratford.

His tomb has four lines that are said to have been written by him: “Good friend, for Jesus’ sake, forbear To dig the dust enclosed here; Blessed be he that spares these stones, And cursed be he that moves my bones”. A monument was opened to the memory of the great playwright in the Poet’s Corner in Westminster Abbey.

Нуждается ль, покинув этот мир, В труде каменотесов мой Шекспир, Чтоб в пирамиде, к звездам обращенной, Таился прах, веками освященный? Наследник славы, для грядущих дней Не просишь ты свидетельства камней. Ты памятник у каждого из нас Воздвиг в душе, которую потряс. К позору нерадивого искусства Твои стихи текут, волнуя чувства, И в памяти у нас из книг твоих Оттиснув навсегда дельфийский стих. Воображенье наше до конца Пленив и в мрамор превратив сердца, Ты в них покоишься. Все короли Такую честь бы жизни предпочли. (Перевод С.Я. Маршака)

This is a bronze statue of Shakespeare. Shakespeare's figure is high above the ground and on the ground there are small figures of Shakespeare’s famous characters.