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Елена691
Россия, Челябинская обл., Магнитогорск

Тренировочные упражнения «Устная часть ЕГЭ, вариант 4»

SPEAKING

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it. If we do not die young enough, we become retired. In the world, where young, energetic and educated people cannot find jobs, the sole source of income for many retired people is pension.  In the Soviet Union there was a solidary pension system, in which retired people received pensions from taxes paid by working people. In many post-Soviet countries pension reforms involve transition to the accumulating pension system, in which people save parts of their income, from which, with accrued interest, their future pensions will be paid.  Many countries have accumulating pension systems. One of the countries where this system exists in almost its classical form is the USA. Only a rather small pension is provided by the state there. Many European countries offer some combinations of the solidary and accumulation systems, and few offer solidary systems. In many countries social security standards are so low that people have to rely entirely upon their savings and their families in the older age.  In the USA and other countries with accumulation pension systems, people may expect some small benefits and even pension from the government, but basically they have to take care of their future pensions themselves. Large corporations usually offer pension saving plans to their employees. But that is not too much either, besides, small companies usually do not offer such pension saving plans, besides, a large corporation may suddenly sink together with its pension saving plans, as Enron, a really huge corporation, did this in 2001. 

If we do not die young enough, we become retired. In the world, where young, energetic and educated people cannot find jobs, the sole source of income for many retired people is pension.  In the Soviet Union there was a solidary pension system, in which retired people received pensions from taxes paid by working people. In many post-Soviet countries pension reforms involve transition to the accumulating pension system, in which people save parts of their income, from which, with accrued interest, their future pensions will be paid.  Many countries have accumulating pension systems. One of the countries where this system exists in almost its classical form is the USA. Only a rather small pension is provided by the state there. Many European countries offer some combinations of the solidary and accumulation systems, and few offer solidary systems. In many countries social security standards are so low that people have to rely entirely upon their savings and their families in the older age.  In the USA and other countries with accumulation pension systems, people may expect some small benefits and even pension from the government, but basically they have to take care of their future pensions themselves. Large corporations usually offer pension saving plans to their employees. But that is not too much either, besides, small companies usually do not offer such pension saving plans, besides, a large corporation may suddenly sink together with its pension saving plans, as Enron, a really huge corporation, did this in 2001. 

Task 2. Study the advertisement.   You are going to take up a new activity and want to find a sports club you could attend. You’d like to get more information about this club. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five questions to find out the following: Location of the club Activities you can get involved Facilities you can use Price per month A season ticket You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

Location of the club

Activities you can get involved

Facilities you can use

Price per month

A season ticket

Task 3. Imagine that you are showing your photo album to your friend. Choose one photo to present to your friend. You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously. In your talk remember to speak about:     ·    when \ where you took the photo ·    what \ who is in the photo ·    what is happening ·    why you keep the photo in your album ·    why you decided to show the picture to your friend

·    when \ where you took the photo ·    what \ who is in the photo ·    what is happening ·    why you keep the photo in your album ·    why you decided to show the picture to your friend

·    when \ where you took the photo ·    what \ who is in the photo ·    what is happening ·    why you keep the photo in your album ·    why you decided to show the picture to your friend

Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:   ·   give a brief description (action, location) ·   say what the pictures have in common ·   say in what way the pictures are different ·   say which way of collecting rubbish you’d prefer ·   explain why   You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.

  ·   give a brief description (action, location) ·   say what the pictures have in common ·   say in what way the pictures are different ·   say which way of collecting rubbish you’d prefer ·   explain why  

·    when \ where you took the photo ·    what \ who is in the photo ·    what is happening ·    why you keep the photo in your album ·    why you decided to show the picture to your friend

·    when \ where you took the photo ·    what \ who is in the photo ·    what is happening ·    why you keep the photo in your album ·    why you decided to show the picture to your friend

Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:   ·   give a brief description (action, location) ·   say what the pictures have in common ·   say in what way the pictures are different ·   say which way of collecting rubbish you’d prefer ·   explain why   You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.

  ·   give a brief description (action, location) ·   say what the pictures have in common ·   say in what way the pictures are different ·   say which way of collecting rubbish you’d prefer ·   explain why  

·    when \ where you took the photo ·    what \ who is in the photo ·    what is happening ·    why you keep the photo in your album ·    why you decided to show the picture to your friend

·    when \ where you took the photo ·    what \ who is in the photo ·    what is happening ·    why you keep the photo in your album ·    why you decided to show the picture to your friend

Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:   ·   give a brief description (action, location) ·   say what the pictures have in common ·   say in what way the pictures are different ·   say which way of collecting rubbish you’d prefer ·   explain why   You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.