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|Дымова Ольга Олеговна470|
Россия, Воронежская обл., Воронеж
Урок-презентация «Внешнее и внутреннее устройство автомобиля»
external and internal type of the car
Components of the Automobile. The automobile is made up of three basic parts: the power plant, or the engine, the chassis and the body. The engine is the source of power that makes the wheels rotate and the car move. It includes fuel, cooling, lubricating and electric systems. Most automobile engines have six or eight cylinders. The chassis includes a power train (power transmission), a running gear, steering and braking systems as well.
The power train carries the power from the engine to the car wheels. The power transmission, in turn, contains the clutch, gearbox, propeller or cardan shaft, final drive, differential, real axle shafts. The running gear consists of a frame with axles, wheels and springs. The body has a hood, fenders and accessories: the heater, stereo tape recorder, windshield wipers, conditioner, speedometer and so on.
Answer the following questions 1. What main parts is the automobile made up of ? 2. What is the function of the engine ? 3. What system does the engine include ? 4. What does the chassis consist of ? 5.What units does the power transmission contain ? 6.What assemblies does the running gear consist of ? 7. What has the body ?
Choose English terms below to match the following automobile parts a) the engine b) the chassis c) the body Fuel system, axle shaft, accessories, cooling system, frame with axles, running gear, lubricating system, steering system, heater, propeller shaft, power transmission, final drive, windshield wiper, clutch, wheels and axles shafts, gearbox, electric system, differential.
Match the following mechanisms with their descriptions 1. Mechanism, which is used to stop the car Clutch Brakes Gearbox Steering system 2. Mechanism, which is used to guide the car Clutch Brakes Gearbox Steering system 3.Mechanism, which engages or disengages the engine and the car wheels Clutch Brakes Gearbox Steering system
4. Mechanism, which is used to change the speed of the car Clutch Windshield wiper Gearbox Accelerator 5. Mechanism, which is used to guide the car in one or the other directions Propeller shaft Brakes Rear axle Steering system 6. Device, which is designed to measure the speed of the car Heater Windscreen Speedometer kilometer
Finish sentences in the first column using corresponding endings in the second column 1. The automobile is made up of … a power transmission, running gear, steering and braking systems. 2. The power plant … The clutch, gearbox, propeller shafts, final drive, differential and axle shafts. 3. The engine includes … a hood, fenders and accessories. 4. The chassis consists of… the engine, the chassis and the body. 5. The power transmission contains… a frame with axles, wheels and springs. 6. The running gear consists of … the source of power. 7. The body has … fuel, cooling, electric and lubricating systems.
DIALOGUE Components of an Automobile Paul: Hi, Max! They say you are a good motor mechanic. Is it very difficult to repair cars? Max: No, not very. A repairman must know everything about cars, their main parts, accessories and functioning. P: And what are the main parts of the automobile? M: They are:....... and .... P: Oh, I know, the engine is the source of power. Is it a complicated mechanism? M: To some extent it is. It includes … ,…,… and ... systems. .