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Презентация по страноведению "The United States of America" 

Цели урока:

  1. Образовательная: активизация употребления слов и выражений темы. Формирование умений и навыков чтения с целью извлечения страноведческой информации по теме «США».
  2. Развивающая: развитие у учащихся познавательного интереса, памяти, внимания, воображения.
  3. Воспитательная: воспитывать чувство толерантного отношения к культуре народа изучаемого языка.

Задачи: активизировать употребление новых слов и выражений по страноведению;

Оснащение:

Техническое: компьютер, экран, проектор.

Учебное:  словари, учебники.

 

The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and one federal district. The United States of America is also referred as United States, the USA, the US or simply America. The United States of America is located in the middle of the North American continent, and is geographically one of the world's largest countries. It is the third most populous (after China and India), and the world's wealthiest nation. The United States plays a prominent role in world affairs and is an influential member of such multinational organizations as the United Nations (headquartered in New York City) and the World Bank (headquartered in Washington, DC). Its overseas territories include Guam and Puerto Rico (acquired in 1899); American Samoa (1900); and the U.S. Virgin Islands (1917).
nThe United States is the world's oldest surviving federation. It is a constitutional republic and representative democracy, "in which majority rule is tempered byminority rights protected by law".The government is regulated by a system ofchecks and balances defined by the U.S. Constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. For 2014, the U.S. ranked 19th on the Democracy Index and 17th on the Corruption Perceptions Index.
nIn the American federalist system, citizens are usually subject to three levels of government: federal, state, and local. The local government's duties are commonly split between county and municipal governments. In almost all cases, executive and legislative officials are elected by a plurality vote of citizens by district. There is no proportional representation at the federal level, and it is rare at lower levels.
nThe federal government is composed of three branches:
nLegislative: The bicameral Congress, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, makes federal lawdeclares war, approves treaties, has the power of the purse, and has the power of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government.
nExecutiveThe President is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become law (subject to Congressional override), and appoints themembers of the Cabinet (subject to Senate approval) and other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies.
nJudicial: The Supreme Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the President with Senate approval, interpret laws and overturn those they findunconstitutional.
List of presidents

  Nonpartisan     Federalist     Democratic-Republican     Democratic     Whig     Republican

 

President

Presidency[a]

Party

Election

Previous service

Vice President

 

1

Gilbert Stuart Williamstown Portrait of George Washington.jpg

George Washington
1732–1799
(Lived: 67 years)
[10][11][12]

April 30, 1789
[b]

March 4, 1797

 

Nonpartisan
[13]

1
(1788–89)

Commander-in-Chief
of the
Continental Army

(1775–83)

John Adams
[c][d]

 

2
(1792)

 

2

Official Presidential portrait of John Adams (by John Trumbull, circa 1792).jpg

John Adams
1735–1826
(Lived: 90 years)
[14][15][16]

March 4, 1797

March 4, 1801

 

Federalist

3
(1796)

1st
Vice President of the United States

Thomas Jefferson
[e]

 

3

Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg

Thomas Jefferson
1743–1826
(Lived: 83 years)
[17][18][19]

March 4, 1801

March 4, 1809

 

Democratic-
Republican

4
(1800)

2nd
Vice President of the United States

Aaron Burr
March 4, 1801  March 4, 1805

 

5
(1804)

George Clinton
March 4, 1805  March 4, 1809

 

4

James Madison.jpg

James Madison
1751–1836
(Lived: 85 years)
[20][21][22]

March 4, 1809

March 4, 1817

 

Democratic-
Republican

6
(1808)

5th
United States Secretary of State

(1801–09)

George Clinton
March 4, 1809  April 20, 1812
(Died in office)

 

Office vacant
(Balance of Clinton's 2nd term)

 

7
(1812)

Elbridge Gerry
March 4, 1813  November 23, 1814
(Died in office)

 

Office vacant
(Balance of Gerry's term)

 

5

James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif

James Monroe
1758–1831
(Lived: 73 years)
[23][24][25]

March 4, 1817

March 4, 1825

 

Democratic-
Republican

8
(1816)

7th
United States Secretary of State

(1811–17)

Daniel D. Tompkins

 

9
(1820)

 

6

JQA Photo.tif

John Quincy Adams
1767–1848
(Lived: 80 years)
[26][27][28]

March 4, 1825

March 4, 1829

 

Democratic-
Republican

10
(1824)

8th
United States Secretary of State

(1817–25)

John C. Calhoun

 

7

Andrew Jackson Daguerrotype-crop.jpg

Andrew Jackson
1767–1845
(Lived: 78 years)
[29][30][31]

March 4, 1829

March 4, 1837

 

Democratic

11
(1828)

U.S. Senatorfrom Tennessee
(1823–25)

John C. Calhoun
[f]
March 4, 1829  December 28, 1832
(Resigned from office)

 

Office vacant
(Balance of Calhoun's term)

 

12
(1832)

Martin Van Buren
March 4, 1833  March 4, 1837

 

8

Martin Van Buren by Mathew Brady c1855-58.jpg

Martin Van Buren
1782–1862
(Lived: 79 years)
[32][33][34]

March 4, 1837

March 4, 1841

 

Democratic

13
(1836)

8th
Vice President of the United States

Richard Mentor Johnson

 

9

William Henry Harrison daguerreotype edit.jpg

William Henry Harrison
1773–1841
(Lived: 68 years)
[35][36][37]

March 4, 1841

April 4, 1841

(Died in office)

 

Whig

14
(1840)

United States Minister to Colombia
(1828–29)

John Tyler
(Succeeded to presidency)

 

10

Tyler Daguerreotype (restoration).jpg

John Tyler
1790–1862
(Lived: 71 years)
[38][39][40]

April 4, 1841

March 4, 1845

 

Whig
April 4, 1841 September 13, 1841

10th
Vice President of the United States

Office vacant

 

 

Nonpartisan
September 13, 1841 March 4, 1845
[g]

 

11

JKP.tif

James K. Polk
1795–1849
(Lived: 53 years)
[41][42][43]

March 4, 1845

March 4, 1849

 

Democratic

15
(1844)

9th
Governor of Tennessee

(1839–41)

George M. Dallas

 

12

Zachary Taylor restored and cropped.png

Zachary Taylor
1784–1850
(Lived: 65 years)
[44][45][46]

March 4, 1849

July 9, 1850

(Died in office)

 

Whig

16
(1848)

Major General of the 1st Infantry Regiment
United States Army
(1846–49)

Millard Fillmore
(Succeeded to presidency)

 

13

Millard Fillmore-Edit1.jpg

Millard Fillmore
1800–1874
(Lived: 74 years)
[47][48][49]

July 9, 1850

March 4, 1853

 

Whig

12th
Vice President of the United States

Office vacant

 

14

Mathew Brady - Franklin Pierce - alternate crop.jpg

Franklin Pierce
1804–1869
(Lived: 64 years)
[50][51][52]

March 4, 1853

March 4, 1857

 

Democratic

17
(1852)

Brigadier General of the 9th Infantry
United States Army
(1847–48)

William R. King
March 4  April 18, 1853
(Died in office)

 

Office vacant
(Balance of King's term)

 

15

James Buchanan.jpg

James Buchanan
1791–1868
(Lived: 77 years)
[53][54][55]

March 4, 1857

March 4, 1861

 

Democratic

18
(1856)

United States Minister to the
Court of St James's
(1853–56)

John C. Breckinridge

 

16

Abraham Lincoln November 1863.jpg

Abraham Lincoln
1809–1865
(Lived: 56 years)
[56][57][58]

March 4, 1861

April 15, 1865

(Died in office)

 

Republican
(National Union)
[h]

19
(1860)

U.S. Representativefor Illinois' 7th District
(1847–49)

Hannibal Hamlin
March 4, 1861  March 4, 1865

 

20
(1864)

Andrew Johnson
March 4  April 15, 1865
(Succeeded to presidency)

 

17

Andrew Johnson photo portrait head and shoulders, c1870-1880-Edit1.jpg

Andrew Johnson
1808–1875
(Lived: 66 years)
[59][60][61]

April 15, 1865

March 4, 1869

 

National Union
[h]
Unaffiliated
[i]

16th
Vice President of the United States

Office vacant

 

18

Ulysses Grant 1870-1880.jpg

Ulysses S. Grant
1822–1885
(Lived: 63 years)
[62][63][64]

March 4, 1869

March 4, 1877

 

Republican

21
(1868)

Commanding Generalof the U.S. Army
(1864–69)

Schuyler Colfax
March 4, 1869  March 4, 1873

 

22
(1872)

Henry Wilson
March 4, 1873  November 22, 1875
(Died in office)

 

Office vacant
(Balance of Wilson's term)

 

19

President Rutherford Hayes 1870 - 1880 Restored.jpg

Rutherford B. Hayes
1822–1893
(Lived: 70 years)
[65][66][67]

March 4, 1877

March 4, 1881

 

Republican

23
(1876)

32nd
Governor of Ohio

(1868–72 & 1876–77)

William A. Wheeler

 

20

James Abram Garfield, photo portrait seated.jpg

James A. Garfield
1831–1881
(Lived: 49 years)
[68][69][70]

March 4, 1881

September 19, 1881

(Died in office)

 

Republican

24
(1880)

U.S. Representativefor Ohio's 19th District
(1863–81)

Chester A. Arthur
(Succeeded to presidency)

 

21

Chester Alan Arthur.jpg

Chester A. Arthur
1829–1886
(Lived: 57 years)
[71][72][73]

September 19, 1881

March 4, 1885

 

Republican

20th
Vice President of the United States

Office vacant

 

22

StephenGroverCleveland.png

Grover Cleveland
1837–1908
(Lived: 71 years)
[74][75]

March 4, 1885

March 4, 1889

 

Democratic

25
(1884)

28th
Governor of New York

(1883–85)

Thomas A. Hendricks
March 4  November 25, 1885
(Died in office)

 

Office vacant
(Balance of Hendricks' term)

 

23

Benjamin Harrison, head and shoulders bw photo, 1896.jpg

Benjamin Harrison
1833–1901
(Lived: 67 years)
[76][77][78]

March 4, 1889

March 4, 1893

 

Republican

26
(1888)

U.S. Senatorfrom Indiana
(1881–87)

Levi P. Morton

 

24

Grover Cleveland - NARA - 518139.jpg

Grover Cleveland
1837–1908
(Lived: 71 years)
[74][75]

March 4, 1893

March 4, 1897

 

Democratic

27
(1892)

22nd
President of the United States

(1885–89)

Adlai Stevenson

 

25

William McKinley by Courtney Art Studio, 1896.jpg

William McKinley
1843–1901
(Lived: 58 years)
[79][80][81]

March 4, 1897

September 14, 1901

(Died in office)

 

Republican

28
(1896)

39th
Governor of Ohio

(1892–96)

Garret Hobart
March 4, 1897  November 21, 1899
(Died in office)

 

Office vacant
(Balance of Hobart's term)

 

29
(1900)

Theodore Roosevelt
March 4  September 14, 1901
(Succeeded to presidency)

 

26

President Roosevelt - Pach Bros.tif

Theodore Roosevelt
1858–1919
(Lived: 60 years)
[82][83][84]

September 14, 1901

March 4, 1909

 

Republican

25th
Vice President of the United States

Office vacant
September 14, 1901  March 4, 1905

 

30
(1904)

Charles W. Fairbanks
March 4, 1905  March 4, 1909

 

27

William Howard Taft, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front.tif

William Howard Taft
1857–1930
(Lived: 72 years)
[85][86][87]

March 4, 1909

March 4, 1913

 

Republican

31
(1908)

42nd
United States Secretary of War

(1904–08)

James S. Sherman
March 4, 1909  October 30, 1912
(Died in office)

 

Office vacant
(Balance of Sherman's term)

 

28

President Wilson 1919.tif

Woodrow Wilson
1856–1924
(Lived: 67 years)
[88][89][90]

March 4, 1913

March 4, 1921

 

Democratic

32
(1912)

34th
Governor of New Jersey

(1911–13)

Thomas R. Marshall

 

33
(1916)

 

29

Warren G Harding-Harris & Ewing.jpg

Warren G. Harding
1865–1923
(Lived: 57 years)
[91][92][93]

March 4, 1921

August 2, 1923

(Died in office)

 

Republican

34
(1920)

U.S. Senatorfrom Ohio
(1915–21)

Calvin Coolidge
(Succeeded to presidency)

 

30

Calvin Coolidge cph.3g10777.jpg

Calvin Coolidge
1872–1933
(Lived: 60 years)
[94][95][96]

August 2, 1923

March 4, 1929

 

Republican

29th
Vice President of the United States

Office vacant
August 2, 1923  March 4, 1925

 

35
(1924)

Charles G. Dawes
March 4, 1925  March 4, 1929

 

31

President Hoover portrait.tif

Herbert Hoover
1874–1964
(Lived: 90 years)
[97][98][99]

March 4, 1929

March 4, 1933

 

Republican

36
(1928)

3rd
United States Secretary of Commerce

(1921–28)

Charles Curtis

 

32

FDR 1944 Color Portrait.tif

Franklin D. Roosevelt
1882–1945
(Lived: 63 years)
[100][101][102]

March 4, 1933

April 12, 1945

(Died in office)

 

Democratic

37
(1932)

44th
Governor of New York

(1929–32)

John Nance Garner
March 4, 1933  January 20, 1941
[j]

 

38
(1936)

 

39
(1940)

Henry A. Wallace
January 20, 1941 January 20, 1945

 

40
(1944)

Harry S. Truman
January 20  April 12, 1945
(Succeeded to presidency)

 

33

Harry S. Truman - NARA - 530677.tif

Harry S. Truman
1884–1972
(Lived: 88 years)
[103][104][105]

April 12, 1945

January 20, 1953

 

Democratic

34th
Vice President of the United States

Office vacant
April 12, 1945  January 20, 1949

 

41
(1948)

Alben W. Barkley
January 20, 1949 January 20, 1953

 

34

President Eisenhower Portrait 1959.tif

Dwight D. Eisenhower
1890–1969
(Lived: 78 years)
[106][107][108]

January 20, 1953

January 20, 1961

 

Republican

42
(1952)

Supreme Allied Commander Europe
(1949–52)

Richard Nixon

 

43
(1956)

 

35

John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg

John F. Kennedy
1917–1963
(Lived: 46 years)
[109][110][111]

January 20, 1961

November 22, 1963

(Died in office)

 

Democratic

44
(1960)

U.S. Senatorfrom Massachusetts
(1953–60)

Lyndon B. Johnson
(Succeeded to presidency)

 

36

Lyndon B. Johnson Oval Office Portrait.tif

Lyndon B. Johnson
1908–1973
(Lived: 64 years)
[112][113]

November 22, 1963

January 20, 1969

 

Democratic

37th
Vice President of the United States

Office vacant
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1965

 

45
(1964)

Hubert Humphrey
January 20, 1965 January 20, 1969

 

37

Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.tif

Richard Nixon
1913–1994
(Lived: 81 years)
[114][115][116]

January 20, 1969

August 9, 1974

(Resigned from office)

 

Republican

46
(1968)

36th
Vice President of the United States

(1953–61)

Spiro Agnew
January 20, 1969  October 10, 1973
(Resigned from office)

 

47
(1972)

 

Office vacant
October 10  December 6, 1973

 

Gerald Ford
December 6, 1973  August 9, 1974
(Succeeded to presidency)

 

38

Gerald Ford - NARA - 530680.tif

Gerald Ford
1913–2006
(Lived: 93 years)
[117][118][119]

August 9, 1974

January 20, 1977

 

Republican

40th
Vice President of the United States

Office vacant
August 9  December 19, 1974

 

Nelson Rockefeller
December 19, 1974 January 20, 1977

 

39

JimmyCarterPortrait2.jpg

Jimmy Carter
Born 1924
(91 years old)
[120][121][122]

January 20, 1977

January 20, 1981

 

Democratic

48
(1976)

76th
Governor of Georgia

(1971–75)

Walter Mondale

 

40

Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg

Ronald Reagan
1911–2004
(Lived: 93 years)
[123][124][125]

January 20, 1981

January 20, 1989

 

Republican

49
(1980)

33rd
Governor of California

(1967–75)

George H. W. Bush

 

50
(1984)

 

41

George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait.jpg

George H. W. Bush
Born 1924
(92 years old)
[126][127][128]

January 20, 1989

January 20, 1993

 

Republican

51
(1988)

43rd
Vice President of the United States

Dan Quayle

 

42

Bill Clinton.jpg

Bill Clinton
Born 1946
(70 years old)
[129][130][131]

January 20, 1993

January 20, 2001

 

Democratic

52
(1992)

40th & 42nd
Governor of Arkansas

(1979–81 & 1983–92)

Al Gore

 

53
(1996)

 

43

George-W-Bush.jpeg

George W. Bush
Born 1946
(70 years old)
[132][133]

January 20, 2001

January 20, 2009

 

Republican

54
(2000)

46th
Governor of Texas

(1995–2000)

Dick Cheney

 

55
(2004)

 

44

President Barack Obama.jpg

Barack Obama
Born 1961
(55 years old)
[134][135]

January 20, 2009

Incumbent

 

Democratic

56
(2008)

U.S. Senatorfrom Illinois
(2005–08)

Joe Biden

 

 

 

 

States of the United States In North America

State

Abbr.

Capital

Largest city[A][14]

Statehood[B]

Population
(2015 est)
[15]

Total area in mi2 (km2)[C][16]

Land area in mi2 (km2)[C][16]

Water area in mi2 (km2)[C][16]

House seat(s)

 Alabama

AL

Montgomery

Birmingham

December 14, 1819

4,858,979

52,420 (135,767)

50,645 (131,170)

1,775 (4,597)

7

 Alaska

AK

Juneau

Anchorage

January 3, 1959

738,432

665,384 (1,723,337)

570,641 (1,477,950)

94,743 (245,383)

1

 Arizona

AZ

Phoenix

February 14, 1912

6,828,065

113,990 (295,233)

113,594 (294,207)

396 (1,026)

9

 Arkansas

AR

Little Rock

June 15, 1836

2,978,204

53,179 (137,733)

52,035 (134,770)

1,143 (2,960)

4

 California

CA

Sacramento

Los Angeles

September 9, 1850

39,144,818

163,695 (423,968)

155,779 (403,466)

7,916 (20,502)

53

 Colorado

CO

Denver

August 1, 1876

5,456,574

104,094 (269,602)

103,642 (268,432)

452 (1,171)

7

 Connecticut

CT

Hartford

Bridgeport

January 9, 1788

3,590,886

5,543 (14,356)

4,842 (12,541)

701 (1,816)

5

 Delaware

DE

Dover

Wilmington

December 7, 1787

945,934

2,489 (6,446)

1,949 (5,048)

540 (1,399)

1

 Florida

FL

Tallahassee

Jacksonville

March 3, 1845

20,271,272

65,758 (170,312)

53,625 (138,888)

12,133 (31,424)

27

 Georgia

GA

Atlanta

January 2, 1788

10,214,860

59,425 (153,910)

57,513 (148,958)

1,912 (4,950)

14

 Hawaii

HI

Honolulu

August 21, 1959

1,431,603

10,932 (28,314)

6,423 (16,635)

4,509 (11,678)

2

 Idaho

ID

Boise

July 3, 1890

1,654,930

83,569 (216,443)

82,643 (214,044)

926 (2,398)

2

 Illinois

IL

Springfield

Chicago

December 3, 1818

12,859,995

57,914 (149,997)

55,519 (143,794)

2,395 (6,203)

18

 Indiana

IN

Indianapolis

December 11, 1816

6,619,680

36,420 (94,327)

35,826 (92,789)

593 (1,536)

9

 Iowa

IA

Des Moines

December 28, 1846

3,123,899

56,273 (145,746)

55,857 (144,669)

416 (1,077)

4

 Kansas

KS

Topeka

Wichita

January 29, 1861

2,911,641

82,278 (213,099)

81,759 (211,755)

520 (1,347)

4

 Kentucky[D]

KY

Frankfort

Louisville

June 1, 1792

4,425,092

40,408 (104,656)

39,486 (102,268)

921 (2,385)

6

 Louisiana

LA

Baton Rouge

New Orleans

April 30, 1812

4,670,724

52,378 (135,658)

43,204 (111,898)

9,174 (23,761)

6

 Maine

ME

Augusta

Portland

March 15, 1820

1,329,328

35,380 (91,634)

30,843 (79,883)

4,537 (11,751)

2

 Maryland

MD

Annapolis

Baltimore

April 28, 1788

6,006,401

12,406 (32,131)

9,707 (25,141)

2,699 (6,990)

8

 Massachusetts[E]

MA

Boston

February 6, 1788

6,794,422

10,554 (27,335)

7,800 (20,202)

2,754 (7,133)

9

 Michigan

MI

Lansing

Detroit

January 26, 1837

9,922,576

96,714 (250,488)

56,539 (146,435)

40,175 (104,053)

14

 Minnesota

MN

St. Paul

Minneapolis

May 11, 1858

5,489,594

86,936 (225,163)

79,627 (206,233)

7,309 (18,930)

8

 Mississippi

MS

Jackson

December 10, 1817

2,992,333

48,432 (125,438)

46,923 (121,530)

1,509 (3,908)

4

 Missouri

MO

Jefferson City

Kansas City

August 10, 1821

6,083,672

69,707 (180,540)

68,742 (178,041)

965 (2,499)

8

 Montana

MT

Helena

Billings

November 8, 1889

1,032,949

147,040 (380,832)

145,546 (376,962)

1,494 (3,869)

1

 Nebraska

NE

Lincoln

Omaha

March 1, 1867

1,896,190

77,348 (200,330)

76,824 (198,973)

524 (1,357)

3

 Nevada

NV

Carson City

Las Vegas

October 31, 1864

2,890,845

110,572 (286,380)

109,781 (284,331)

791 (2,049)

4

 New Hampshire

NH

Concord

Manchester

June 21, 1788

1,330,608

9,349 (24,214)

8,953 (23,188)

397 (1,028)

2

 New Jersey

NJ

Trenton

Newark

December 18, 1787

8,958,013

8,723 (22,592)

7,354 (19,047)

1,368 (3,543)

12

 New Mexico

NM

Santa Fe

Albuquerque

January 6, 1912

2,085,109

121,590 (314,917)

121,298 (314,160)

292 (756)

3

 New York

NY

Albany

New York

July 26, 1788

19,795,791

54,555 (141,297)

47,126 (122,056)

7,429 (19,241)

27

 North Carolina

NC

Raleigh

Charlotte

November 21, 1789

10,042,802

53,819 (139,391)

48,618 (125,920)

5,201 (13,471)

13

  North Dakota

ND

Bismarck

Fargo

November 2, 1889

756,927

70,698 (183,107)

69,001 (178,712)

1,698 (4,398)

1

 Ohio

OH

Columbus

March 1, 1803

11,613,423

44,826 (116,099)

40,861 (105,830)

3,965 (10,269)

16

 Oklahoma

OK

Oklahoma City

November 16, 1907

3,911,338

69,899 (181,038)

68,595 (177,660)

1,304 (3,377)

5

 Oregon

OR

Salem

Portland

February 14, 1859

4,028,977

98,379 (254,800)

95,988 (248,608)

2,391 (6,193)

5

 Pennsylvania[F]

PA

Harrisburg

Philadelphia

December 12, 1787

12,802,503

46,054 (119,279)

44,743 (115,884)

1,312 (3,398)

18

 Rhode Island[G]

RI

Providence

May 29, 1790

1,056,298

1,545 (4,002)

1,034 (2,678)

511 (1,320)

2

 South Carolina

SC

Columbia

May 23, 1788

4,896,146

32,020 (82,931)

30,061 (77,858)

1,960 (5,076)

7

 South Dakota

SD

Pierre

Sioux Falls

November 2, 1889

858,469

77,116 (199,730)

75,811 (196,350)

1,305 (3,380)

1

 Tennessee

TN

Nashville

Memphis

June 1, 1796

6,600,299

42,144 (109,152)

41,235 (106,798)

909 (2,354)

9

 Texas

TX

Austin

Houston

December 29, 1845

27,469,114

268,596 (695,660)

261,232 (676,588)

7,365 (19,075)

36

 Utah

UT

Salt Lake City

January 4, 1896

2,995,919

84,897 (219,882)

82,170 (212,819)

2,727 (7,063)

4

 Vermont

VT

Montpelier

Burlington

March 4, 1791

626,042

9,616 (24,905)

9,217 (23,872)

400 (1,036)

1

 Virginia[H]

VA

Richmond

Virginia Beach

June 25, 1788

8,382,993

42,775 (110,787)

39,490 (102,279)

3,285 (8,508)

11

 Washington

WA

Olympia

Seattle

November 11, 1889

7,170,351

71,298 (184,661)

66,456 (172,120)

4,842 (12,541)

10

 West Virginia

WV

Charleston

June 20, 1863

1,844,128

24,230 (62,755)

24,038 (62,258)

192 (497)

3

 Wisconsin

WI

Madison

Milwaukee

May 29, 1848

5,771,337

65,496 (169,634)

54,158 (140,269)

11,339 (29,368)

8

 Wyoming

WY

Cheyenne

July 10, 1890

586,107

97,813 (253,335)

97,093 (251,470)

720 (1,865)

1

nCalifornia is the most populous state, with 38,332,521 residents (2013 estimate); Wyoming is the least populous, with an estimated 582,658 residents. The District of Columbia, with an estimated 646,449 residents as of 2012, has a higher population than the two least populous states (Wyoming and Vermont). The largest state by area is Alaska, encompassing 665,384 square miles (1,723,337 square kilometers), while the smallest is Rhode Island, encompassing 1,545 square miles (4,002 square kilometers). The first state to ratify the current Constitution was Delaware, which it did on December 7, 1787, while the newest state is Hawaii, which was admitted to the Union on August 21, 1959. The largest territory in terms of both population and size is Puerto Rico, with 3,725,789 residents as of the 2010 Census and a total area of 5,325 square miles (13,792 square kilometers).
The sights of the USA
nThere are a number of places which tourists want to visit arriving in the USA. This list includes the White House, Manhattan, Las Vegas, Golden Gate Bridge, Niagara Falls, Grand Canyon, Yellowstone National Park, and of course Hollywood. The White House is situated in the capital of the USA. Since its foundation it has served as the official residence of the President. The building was first used by John Adams. Manhattan is the place which people picture thinking of New York. It is one of its five boroughs with plenty of skyscrapers. The image of Manhattan has been featured thousands times on screen. The sights of the area include Times Square, Broadway Theatre, Rockefeller University, New York City Hall, etc. Manhattan is also one of the most expensive places to live and to shop.Las Vegas is the gambling mecca of the world. This resort city is the leading financial and cultural center of southern Nevada. Casinos and mega-casino hotels with lavish decorations can be found throughout the city. All in all, the city is built to create a fantasy-like atmosphere.
nAn internationally recognized symbol of San Francisco is the Golden Gate Bridge. It spans the Golden Gate strait – a channel between San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. It was built in 1937 and for almost thirty years remained the world’s longest suspension bridge. The red-orange colour of the bridge was chosen to make it more visible through thick fog. The bridge is frequently featured in movies. One of the most spectacular natural wonders of North America is Niagara Falls. It is situated between the state of New York and the province of Ontario. It actually contains three different waterfalls. The largest one, the Horseshoe Falls, is situated on the Canadian side. Grand Canyon is an extremely attractive tourist destination. The site is situated in Northern Arizona by the Colorado River. It is over several millions year. Although it’s not the largest canyon in the world, the view if this landmark is impressive with its colourful landscapes and spectacular vistas.
nYellowstone National Park is another remarkable natural sight. It is situated in the state of Wyoming, although it stretches to Montana and Idaho. It was the first national park in the world established to preserve natural geysers and wildlife. The park lies on top of a gigantic hotspot, which has a light molten rock on the surface. Tourists can find geysers and hot springs there. In addition, they can see grizzly bears and bison, deer and elk and many other wondrous things within the park borders. One of the most desired tourist destinations in the USA is Hollywood – the home of American film industry and entertainment. It is located in central Los Angeles and features several historic studios. The area of Hollywood also includes the Grauman’s Chinese Theatre, Paramount Pictures, Walk of Fame, Rodeo Drive shopping opportunities and many other interesting places.
n
National Symbols Of United States Of America
nNational Symbols represent pride and values of the country.
nUnited States of America is third largest country by land area and world’s largest economy. It is also one of the most powerful countries of the world and one of the five permanent members of United Nations Security Council.
nUnited States of America has varied National symbols representing its culture, values and pride.
nThe current version of National Flag of USA was adopted on July 4, 1960.
nThe National Flag of USA has thirteen equal horizontal stripes with alternate colours red and white. It has a blue rectangle in the top left corner of the flag with 50 white pointed five-stars arranged in nine horizontal rows. The stars are six and five in numbers alternately and 50 in number representing different states.
nA book “Our Flag” published in 1989 by House of Representatives explains the significance of colors and stars as:-
n"The colors of the pales (the vertical stripes) are those used in the flag of the United States of America; White signifies purity and innocence, Red, hardiness & valour, and Blue, the color of the Chief (the broad band above the stripes) signifies vigilance, perseverance & justice."
n"The star is a symbol of the heavens and the divine goal to which man has aspired from time immemorial; the stripe is symbolic of the rays of light emanating from the sun."
nThe Bald Eagle (haliaeetus leucocephalus) is the National Bird of USA.
nThe Bald Eagle was adopted as the National Bird of United States in 1782. The Bald Eagle symbolizes strength, courage, freedom and immortality.
nThe Bald Eagle is represented in many important places including Great Seal, One-dollar bill, Federal agency seals and President’s flag
nRose is the National Flower of United States of America.
nThe Congress, by Senate Joint Resolution 159 accepted Rose as the National Floral Emblem of United States of America. On November 20, 1986 President Ronald Reagan proclaimed Rose as National Floral Emblem of United States of America.
nThe Great Seal of United States of America was adopted in June 20,1782.
nThe Great Seal is used for various documents, treaties, commissions, United States passports, military insignia, embassy placards and many other places.
nThe centre of the Seal has Bald Eagle (National Bird), in the beak of the bird is a scroll with “E pluribus unum” inscribed meaning “out of many, one”. The two claws of Eagle holds a bundle of olive branch and thirteen arrows respectively. The front of the Eagle contains a shield of red and white stripes. Above the Eagle is cloud with blue field having thirteen stars in it.
nThe reverse of thee Seal contains 13 step Pyramid with 1776 inscribed (in Roman Numerals). Below the Pyramid is a scroll “Novus Ordo Seclorum” meaning “New Order of the Ages”. Above the Pyramid is the Eye of Providence and motto “Annuit Coeptis”.
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